Hemorrhoids are the main cause of bleeding in the rectum. They appear when veins around the rectum swell (whenever the blood vessels are stretched). This stretching, which usually happens when you poop, became so thin and irritated, causing the bleeding.
Hemorrhoids don’t usually trouble much in the first couple of weeks and they usually get cleared, especially when they are not serious. However, if it becomes persistent and too painful to tolerate, it is recommended for you to go to a doctor and have them examined for appropriate treatment or medical procedure.
Two kinds of Hemorrhoids
People often think that hemorrhoids are only the ones you see or feel from the outside of your rectum. Actually, it can also occur from the inside.
- Internal Hemorrhoids. They are called internal because they are located far enough from the opening of the rectum. It is usually located on the inner part of the rectum and you cannot touch or sense them. As the matter of fact, they don’t hurt that much because there are very few nerves in there to sense the pain.
- External Hemorrhoids. External hemorrhoids on the other hand, are located in the anus. They are extremely painful, especially when you poop because there are more nerves in there.
There are times when the hemorrhoids get bigger and tend to swellfrom outside the anus. When this happens, you can feel or see them from the outside. When you try to look at them, you can see it with pinkish swollen muscle on the surrounding area of the anus. If this is the condition, you are likely to feel pain whenever you poop or sit for a long period of time. At this time, it is very important to come and see a doctor for proper medication.
Common Causes of Hemorrhoids
There are several causes of hemorrhoids. They can be genetically inherited, caused by your lifestyle, or medical condition. Among the most common causes of this condition include the following:
- It is hereditary. Some people conclude that this condition is hereditary, meaning they run in the family. It means you can get if from other family members, like your parents or grandparents.
- Obesity or pregnancy. Too much weight gain during pregnancy or obesity can build pressure on your lower body like the rectum, affecting the blood flow. This causes the veins to swell, leading to hemorrhoids.
- Too hard when pushing through bowel movements. When you put too much pressure on it, the veins in the rectum and anus get irritated, causing the swelling and bleeding.
- Hardcore training. Strain during hard physical activities such as weight lifting or bracing something too heavy can put too much stress and pressure on your lower rectum, causing vein swelling that may lead to hemorrhoids.
- Chronic constipation. This digestive complication can lead to hemorrhoids as well. When the hemorrhoids get worse, even coughing or sneezing could trigger bleeding.
- Sitting for a long period of time. When you sit for a very long time, especially on the toilet, the anus gets irritated and veins around the rectum tend to swell and bleed eventually.
How to Prevent Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids can be very painful. And sometimes, it seems like an endless pain. But there are some ways that you can do to lessen the pain, if not totally prevent them from getting worse. The following are tips and measures that you can follow to prevent hemorrhoids from getting worse.
Watching your diet
- Eat foods rich in fiber. Green leafy vegetables, fruits like kiwi and pineapple, whole grains, nuts, legumes, and beans are good source of fiber. Fiber helps the bowel movement easier, causing less pain. There are also fiber supplements that you can try to help you soften your stool.
- Drink lots of water. Water helps soften the stool and prevent constipation, thus lessening the stress on the anus and rectum during bowel movement.
Good sources of fiber
Among the good sources of fiber include the following:
- brown or black rice
- whole wheat
Living healthy lifestyle
- Exercise regularly. Regular exercise such as walking for like half an hour a helps regulate blood and loosening the bowel. Exercising can also help you maintain your weight and keep you from gaining more. Remember that obesity can also cause too much pressure on your lower part and can aggravate hemorrhoids.
- Don’t keep it up. Go to the toilet immediately as soon as you feel the urge and avoid holding your bowel up.
- Using Pain reliever. There are some pain reliever that you can use to ease the pain whenever you struggle in bowel movement. These inlude cream or ointment to apply on the area to ease itching and burning feeling. There is also prescribed suppository to ease the pain of bowel movement. You can also take aspirin to ease discomfort.
Home remedies to ease the pain from hemorrhoids
Aside from prescribed medications, there are actually practical remedies that you can do at home to ease the pain and discomfort caused by hemorrhoids. Check on the following:
- Using a squat stool. This is a devise specially designed to address and lessen the pain from hemorrhoids. It is easy to use. Just have it plug in near the toilet bowl and step on it everytime you poop. Squat stool lessens the force on your anus and rectum everytime you poop.
- Maintain good hygeine such as cleaning your anus well with warm water everyday
- Avoid using toilet or tissue paper during bowel movement. The paper could iritate the sorrounding area, which can worsen the swelling.
- Sitting on a tub with warm water for 10-15 minutes before taking a bath will also reduce the pain of swelling.
If all home remedies did not work to ease the pain, it is recommended that you visit a doctor, who usually suggest ligation. This is a procedure carried out by a professional doctor and it is not recommended for patients perform on their own. It includes putting a rubber band around it and cutting off the hemorrhoid circulation until it finally shrink. There are also other forms of surgery that are carried out to treat hemorrhoids.
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